Mrs.Durga Ghimire is a senior social worker and a renowned human rights activist of Nepal. She has been actively involved in the field of Social work since 1975. She was very active in the political movement for the restoration of Democracy in Nepal in her student life in 1970s. She was imprisoned for three times and spends 13 months in the prison for her political activities. She has also written the book about her experience in the prison. Based on her prison experience she wrote an award winning book in 1994 “Staying Alive: Memories of Women Prison.”
• Durga is the first women who raised the issue of human trafficking in Nepal in 1987. Though this issue was one of the critical issues but no attention was given by the government and other agencies.
• In 1990, she organized the first seminar on this issue of human trafficking which was inaugurated by senior politician and Mr Krishna Prasad Bhattarai, the first Prime Minister after the restoration of democracy in 1990 with an objective to sensitize public, press, government and other stakeholder. One of the victims of the trafficking who was rescued from Bombay was also the guest of honour of the seminar.
• She formed the first National Net work against trafficking of different NGOs to put pressure to the government for the prevention of trafficking.
• She rescued 124 minor girls from Bombay in 1999 in the coordination with different seven Nepali NGOs and Indian organisation and safely repatriated from Bombay.
• She also rescued 44 minor girls from Apollo circus Delhi India with the help of Nepali organisation based in Delhi (Pravasi Nepali Mitra Munch).
• There were many discriminating laws related to women, she along with various organisations did lobby and successful to change the law such as inheritance property rights to daughter, rape law, law related to marriage, divorce, and polygamy and abuse law.
• She formed more than 250 self help groups (SHGs) for the Socio-economic empowerment of women. At present about 200 groups as Women Saving and Credit Groups are operating in different parts of the country which has raised their self confidence and also raised their social status in the family and the societies. Furthermore, many members of the SHGs have solved various cases of violence related to adolescent girls and women in local level.
• ABC/Nepal provided support to about 1700 victim of various form of violence. The major supports we have provided are rescue and rehabilitation. Legal and counselling services, Education of the victims and various gainful employments of the victims. The attitude of the victim has been changed and they are living normal life and their status in the family and societies has been raised.
• She has been successful to lobby the government to formulate national plan and policy related to trafficking. There was no national laws and policy related to trafficking due to her continuous lobby and advocacy, government has formulated national laws and policy related to trafficking (commitment to prepare national plan of action relate to trafficking. at present, government has formulated national task force under the ministry of women and social welfare involving various sectoral ministries and NGOs. In district level, government has formed district task force under the coordination of Chief district officer involving other stakeholders. Mrs. Ghimire was also the member of central level task force group related to trafficking, representing from NGOs.
• She along with other organisation did lot lobby and advocacy and successful to have 33 percent women in the parliament.
• She not only did lobby and advocacy on trafficking in Nepal but also visited many parts of the world (29 countries) and presented paper on the issue of trafficking and drew the attention of every one to prevent this inhuman crime.
• She is the member of various high-level committees headed by Prime minister and ministers on HIV/AIDS and trafficking (for last five years).
• She has been writing on the issue of women since 1974 and written many articles on women and development. She is regular writing in Kantipur and Gorkhapatra, both are the widely circulated national daily news paper of the Nepal.
National and International awards
For her outstanding work in the field of social work and human rights activities
• She received Gorkha Dakshin Bahu Medal, Grade four, for her outstanding contribution in the field of social work, in 1982
• She received Best Social Worker Award for outstanding contribution in the field of women and children, from social welfare council, by the prime minister of Nepal, in 1999
• She received International award Resourceful Women Award, from Shaler Adam Foundation and other seven organizations based in USA, in 1994
• She has received prestigious award Uttam Shanti Puraskar, a literacy award for the book “Staying alive: Memories of Women Prison” from Uttam Shanti Puraskar Guthi, Kathmandu, 1994
• She received Rotary Vocational Award from Rotary International Kolkatta, district 3290 for outstanding contributions towards the protection of the rights of women and children, in 2003.
• She received Reflection of Hope Award from Oklahoma National Foundation, Oklahoma City, USA in 2006
• She received Bijaya Shree Social Worker Award from Bijaya Resource Development Center, Nawalparasi, in 2008
• She received Social Worker Award from Bhadra Ghalay Sewa Sadan, Kathmandu, in 2012
• She has been awarded with Daya Ram Memorial Award from National Human Rights Commission for her outstanding contribution in the field of Human rights on June, 2012
• She received the Help For Self Helf Award from Stromme Foundation, Norway, in November 2012
• She has been felicitation from many organization and groups for her continuous work in the field of human rights and social works.